Studying Aikido Terminology
Aikido is a challenging sport. Many times, when practicing Aikido, I find myself confused as I am learning. There are many ways to augment the practice of learning Aikido and to minimize confusion. Studying the Japanese vocabulary of Aikido is very helpful. Studying the vocabulary means writing the terminology on notecards and saying the words out loud at least a few times a week. Frequent review for short periods of time is better than long sessions of infrequent studies.
Specifically, one can organize the terminology in terms of attacks and responses to the attacks. There are about eight attacks and eight counter moves that we practice on a regular basis. Each attack can be countered at least eight different ways, increasing as a person advances. In terms of attacks, there are wrist grabs, called katate-tori, ryote-tori, morote-tori, and kosa-tori. A front hit is called shomenuchi, and a side hit is called yokomenuchi. A kata-tori is a grab at the collar, and an attack from behind is called ushiro.